Matching headings in IELTS reading is quite typical for some and the main reason behind is the lack of technique required in lieu of the paragraph details. This article will incorporate skills and the logic required to solve these questions. If you read this article carefully and understand the articulated you will never miss a single question and will get 100% score while attempting these questions.
Skills required to solve IELTS reading match headings
If you are able to understand what you read, you are good to go solve these type of questions. But, if you lack this skill, start reading more with effective cognitive skills. Once you are able to understand what you read, you will be able to answer every heading question. The second thing required is the vast knowledge of synonyms, if you are well aware of synonyms you will hit the target with a bang. So start learning synonyms as these questions majorly consist of synonyms and antonyms. For example, the word experiment can have various synonyms which include investigation, dry run, observation, and examination. If you find a synonym, you must be able to match the exact keyword mentioned in your heading.
The logic required to solve IELTS reading match headings
Every academic paragraph we read has a structure. Although, some candidates do not consider this structure when answering heading questions in IELTS, if one remains focused on the structure, then it is an easy task to handle such questions. Let us understand this by an example demonstrated below in the heading match paragraph.
The role of governments in environmental management is difficult but inescapable. Sometimes, the state tries to manage the resources it owns and does so badly. Often, however, governments act in an even more harmful way. They actually subsidize the exploitation and consumption of natural resources. A whole range of policies, from farm-price support to protection for coal-mining, do environmental damage and (often) make no economic sense. Scrapping them offers a two-fold bonus: a cleaner environment and a more efficient economy. Growth and environmentalism can actually go hand in hand, if politicians have the courage to confront the vested interest that subsidies create.
List of Headings
i The probable effects of the new international trade agreement
ii The environmental impact of modern farming
iii Farming and soil erosion
iv The effects of government policy in rich countries
v Governments and management of the environment
vi The effects of government policy in poor countries
vii Farming and food output
viii The effects of government policy on food output
ix The new prospects for world trade
Let us match the heading of Section A from the list of headings. Here is the strategy
a. Do not read the list of headings, instead, read the first and last lines of the paragraph. Once, you have read it, then check which heading is the closest matched heading from the list of headings.
b. If you do not find the heading from the list of headings, then you have to read the complete paragraph and understand the meaning of the paragraph.
c. Once you find the heading from the list of heading, cross the heading from the list of headings right away. This will help you to save time while searching the list of headings when answering the same.
Let us solve the above heading, read the first line “The role of governments in environmental management is difficult but inescapable.”, here the line says the role of government in environmental management and the keywords are “government”, “environment” and “management”. When we see the list we find the keywords government and environment are in headings(v, vi, viii) from the list.
Now read the last line of the paragraph which is “Growth and environmentalism can actually go hand in hand if politicians have the courage to confront the vested interest that subsidies create. “, here politicians actually mean government and confront the vested interest actually means management and policies mentioned in the previous lines of the same paragraph. This means the answer is (v), in this case, we sorted out the closest heading matched with our keywords and from the last line we confirmed that this is our final answer. Not only this technique will save your time, but also is
100% correct to solve your heading questions.
I hope this technique will help you solve these type of questions, do give a try on it and see the difference in solving these questions. Please do give your feedback and comments on the same.