Traffic congestion essay

Traffic congestion is a hot topic around the world, people discuss traffic congestion solutions and traffic jam. Recently on 30 June 2018, there were one questions in writing task 2 of the IELTS exam on how to reduce traffic congestion. The essay will highlight what causes traffic congestion with traffic congestion solutions and causes of traffic congestion.

In this article, we will find how to attempt an essay on how to reduce traffic congestion. Traffic congestion has been a hot topic these days. It is mostly coming in IELTS writing task2 and therefore I decided to write an article to exhibit how to attempt it and get a good band score. Please see my previous articles on www.dreamielts.com/category/writing, if you are not aware of how to write essays. This article is for those candidates who have understood how to write a 9 band essay.

Reduce traffic congestion

There are many questions which can be asked on the same topic. For example for the topic of how to reduce traffic congestion can be linked to traffic lights and the question can be asked about it. For example, check the below topic question.


In many cities, there is a big problem with traffic which causes injuries and accidents on the roads. People argue that there should be more traffic lights on the roads to avoid such situations, while others say that it will increase more traffic due to stagnation. Give your opinion on whether you agree or disagree.

Here the major topic is traffic lights and subtopic is traffic congestion. The keywords here are accidents and injuries occurred on the roads. Thus the essay for the above topic question can be:

Increased traffic has made the lives of people miserable as it has increased concerns among masses due to a large number of accidents and injuries. Excessive traffic due to the increased number of vehicles and lack of parking space has led to this situation in major cities around the world. In my opinion, an increase in the number of traffic lights will avoid accidents and traffic congestion. This essay will elaborate on supporting the stance of installing more traffic lights on roads to avoid traffic.

Traffic lights offer maximum control at intersections and avoid conflicting movements of traffic at an intersection. Thus, in case of huge traffic on the roads, it can interrupt the extremely heavy flow of traffic to let cross the people already waiting to cross the road. Many of the people get injuries while crossing roads, this can be stopped by installing traffic light signals on the roads specifically nears education institutions and hospitals. For example, there used to be a lot of accidents happening near Fortis hospital in Ludhiana city and after the addition of traffic signals, the number of accidents has drastically decreased in the past year. Therefore, traffic lights help us to obey traffic rules and save precious lives on the roads.

Traffic congestion is mostly caused by commuters using own vehicles to reach their workplace which is controlled by traffic lights. One of the main reasons for a traffic jam in rush hour, when people desperately trying to reach their office on or before time. Traffic lights help to control traffic in major cities during peak hours and with an increase in traffic lights, people will obey traffic rules during rush hours. This will not only avoid serious accidents but also reduce traffic when traffic rules are followed. For instance, a recent study exhibits that there has been a reduction in the number of accidents and traffic jams after the installation of traffic lights in major areas of the city. Thus, commuting cannot be a risky task once the roads are installed with traffic lights.

In conclusion, the problem of traffic congestion can be tackled by adding more traffic lights on the streets. In addition, more people will obey traffic when there will be traffic lights on the streets. There are fewer chances of people involved in accidents and damage when people start respecting each other and adhere to the traffic rules while driving on the road.

The continuous presence of traffic congestion essays in IELTS exams, make it a necessary essay to be understood. If you are well aware of the key points, then you will be in a good position to attempt it. Mainly you will get questions related to causes of traffic congestion, traffic congestion, what causes traffic congestion, traffic congestion solutions, and traffic jam.


What causes traffic congestion and its solutions

In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation. What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?

Traffic congestion in many cities around the world is severe and has caused wastage of time and resources. One possible solution to this problem is to impose heavy taxes on car drivers and use this money to make public transport better. This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of such a measure.

Nevertheless, one of the first benefits of such a measure is that heavy taxes would discourage car owners from using their cars because it would become very expensive to drive. This would mean that they would begin to make use of public transport instead, thus reducing traffic problems and pollution as well. For instance, the government of United Kingdom has imposed heavy taxes on private vehicles. Another benefit would be that much more use would be made of public transport if it was improved. It is often the case that public transport in cities is very poor. For example, we often see old buses and trains that people would rather not use. High taxes would generate enough money to make the necessary changes.

However, there are drawbacks to such a solution. First and foremost, this would be a heavy burden on private car drivers. At present, taxes are already high for a lot of people, and so further taxes would only mean less money at the end of the month for most people who may have no choice but to drive every day. In addition, this type of tax would likely be set at a fixed amount and would often cut the monthly budget of the drivers. This would mean that it would hit those with less money harder, whilst the rich could likely afford it. It is therefore not a fair tax.

To conclude, this solution is worth considering to improve the current situation, but there are advantages and disadvantages of introducing such a policy. It may be imposed in some cities for a trial basis to get the results of the same. Once the drawbacks are nullified it can be implemented in major cities.

I hope this article gives you an insight picture of how to write a band 9 essay to reduce traffic congestion.

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