Academic Writing Task 1 For IELTS Exam Preparation

The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process. This article will explore useful IELTS writing task 1 tips for achieving a high score. This page contains all the information and helps you need to do well. Learn about the IELTS marking criteria, paragraphing, vocabulary and much more. This page has tips for Academic writing task 1.

IELTS recommend you spend no more than 20 mins on writing task. However, the time is yours to manage as you wish. But, you should write over 150 words. IELTS writing task 1 is worth only about 33% of your total writing marks.
You will be marked on:

1. Task Achievement (25%)
2. Coherence & Cohesion (25%)
3. Vocabulary (25%)
4. Grammar (25%)

In the IELTS writing task 1 (academic paper), you will be given one of the following and will have 20 mins to write a full report on:

1. Bar chart
2. Line graph
3. Table
4. Pie chart
5. Diagram or process
6. Map
7. Combination of the above (multiple tasks)

How to attempt IELTS task 1

To get a high score in Task 1 writing of the academic IELTS you need to give an accurate and strong description and analyses for the provided graph(s) or diagram. In this minimum 150 word essay, it is easy to keep repeating words and numbers. However, this is not good to achieve a high score. In order to get a great band level in this section of the IELTS, you must use a variety of vocabulary that not only describes but also emphasizes the changes, similarities, and differences in the data. Use the vocabulary which is mentioned in this article to achieve a high band score.

Vocabulary for starting your IELTS task 1

The/ the given / the supplied / the presented / the shown / the provided

Vocabulary representing your IELTS task 1

diagram / table / figure / illustration / graph / chart / flow chart / picture/ presentation/ pie chart / bar graph/ column graph / line graph / table data/ data / information / pictorial/ process diagram/ map/ pie chart and table/ bar graph and pie chart

Vocabulary for your IELTS task 1 paragraphs

As is observed / As can be seen / As an overall trend / At a first glance / During the period

Vocabulary verbs that show an increase

Soar: the use of water soared in March
Leap: the prices leaped to 90% in one year
Climb: populations climbed to over one million by 1980
Rocket: use of cars rocketed in the first decade
Surge: a surge of migration is seen in November

Vocabulary verbs that show the decrease

Sink: The cost of housing sunk after 2008
Slip back: Use of electricity slipped back to 50 in May
Dip: Divorce rate dipped in the 60s
Drop: A drop in crime can be seen last year
Plummet: Tourists to the city plummets after September

Vocabulary adjectives to be used for a change

Significant: A significant change
Significantly: Changed significantly
Dramatic: A dramatic shift
Dramatically: Sifts dramatically
Sudden: A sudden rise
Suddenly: Has risen suddenly
Substantial: A substantial gain
Substantially: Gained substantially
Sharp: A sharp decrease
Sharply: Had decreased sharply
Slight: A slight rise
Slightly: Rose slightly
Gradual: A gradual fall
Gradually: Has fallen gradually
Marginal: A marginal change
Marginally: Had changed marginally
Modest: A modest increase
Modestly: Increases modestly
Rapidly: Fast increase
Upward: ex. By looking at the five data points, there appears to be a clear upward pattern in prices
Downward: ex. Over the past quarter century, there is a downward trend in the use of pesticides
Overall: ex. The overall shift in the market seems to favour the use of nuclear power

Example: The diagram presents information on the percentages of employees who have expressed their views about the different problems they face when dealing with machines in three Australian factories from 2011 to 2015.

Example: As is observed, the figures for imprisonment in the five mentioned countries show no overall pattern, rather shows the considerable fluctuations from country to country.

Example: As can be seen, the highest number of passengers used the London Underground station at 8:00 in the morning and at 6:00 in the evening.

Example: As an overall trend, the number of crimes reported increased fairly rapidly until the mid-seventies, remained constant for five years and finally, dropped to 20 cases a week after 1982.

Example: At a first glance, it is clear that more percentages of native university pupils violated regulations and rules than the foreign students did during this period.

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